The Differences Between Contemporary, Traditional, and Expressionist Calligraphy

Contemporary Calligraphy

To make the definition of contemporary calligraphy certainly experience development. The definition in general is a calligraphy whose expression does not want to be bound by standard rules, both in the writing of Arabic script and the background of the writing, because it is considered to limit their freedom of expression.

Aesthetically contemporary calligraphy refers to the rules of the creation of contemporary art in general and ethically originates from the Qur’an and Al-Hadith, which carry artistic[1]appreciative content that functions as a medium of appreciation, on the other hand contains a functioning ethical[1]religious content. as guidance or media of da’wah.

In the book “Islamic Calligraphy Art” written by D. Sirojuddin AR, that contemporary Islamic calligraphy is a “rebellion” on the pure rules of classical calligraphy [2]. The development is very fast stuffing various media in categories.

Traditional Calligraphy

Traditional Calligraphy This traditional calligraphy is produced by contemporary Muslim calligraphers in various styles and writings that have been known for generations of previous calligraphers. The use of the word “traditional” shows art with the traditions of the past khat. Messages that are more emphasized on the beautiful arrangement of letters than displaying calligraphy paintings in the form of natural frames. However, there are also traditional calligraphers that paint calligraphy in foliage patterns or floral motifs and geometric patterns. Based on the above definition, it can be concluded that traditional art is a form of work that contains aesthetic values and clings to tradition. In other words traditional art is an art form that is guided by rules or rules for generations. So in principle, standard style calligraphy is cultivated and modified in such a way as to experience development from the previous style.

Expressionist Calligraphy

This style is related to major developments in Western aesthetics. Although expressionist calligraphers use the “vocabulary” of Islamic artistic heritage, they are far from the standard “calligraphy” of the original calligraphy. In expressionist calligraphy, it is necessary to work on the delivery of emotional, visual, and personal responses to the objects, people or events described. In art, there are those who are called expressionism painters, who are painters who prioritize their own inner outpouring freely. Sometimes inner feelings can be poured out after a long period of heartfelt events have passed. one of Indonesian expressionist Calligrapher is Master Assiry. Here are his works..